Science, Technology and Information Society

Research and development expenditure

  2000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 1) 2016
  € million
Business enterprises 3 136 4 855 5 047 4 695 4 602 4 410 4 047 3 998
Public sector 2) 497 692 684 662 644 613 543 539
University sector 3) 789 1 425 1 432 1 475 1 438 1 490 1 481 1 433
Total 4 423 6 971 7 164 6 832 6 684 6 512 6 071 5 970
as % of GDP 3,2 3,7 3,6 3,4 3,3 *3,2 *2,9 4) 2,8
  %
Business enterprises 70,9 69,6 70,5 68,7 68,9 67,7 66,7 67,0
Public sector 2) 11,2 9,9 9,6 9,7 9,6 9,4 8,9 9,0
University sector 3) 17,8 20,4 20,0 21,6 21,5 22,9 24,4 24,0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

* preliminary data

1) Estimate based on survey responses and other calculations
2) Incl. private non-profit sector
3) Incl. central university hospitals and polytechnics
4) Ministry of Finance's forecast

Source: Statistics Finland, Research and development

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 15.12.2016

Use of information and communications technology by individuals

  2013 2014 2015 2016
  % of population aged 16 to 89
Internet users 85 86 86 88
Uses the Internet several times per day 61 64 67 72
Smartphone in own use 56 63 69 72
Made online purchases in the past three months 44 48 45 62

Source: Statistics Finland, Science, Technology and Information Society

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 16.12.2016

E-commerce of enterprises 1)

  Internet sales   EDI sales 2)   E-commerce, total  
  € billion % 3) € billion % 3) € billion % 3)
2007 17 6,1 29 10,0 46 16,1
2008 18 6,1 33 10,9 51 17,0
2009 15 6,1 29 11,6 44 17,8
2010 17 6,4 36 13,2 53 19,6
2011 19 6,7 34 11,7 53 18,5
2012 12 3,8 38 12,3 50 16,1
2013 15 5,0 44 14,3 59 19,2
2014 15 4,6 52 16,4 67 21,0

1) Excl, enterprises with under 10 employees
2) Electronic data interchange between organizations (EDI)
3) % of turnover

Source: Statistics Finland, Use of information technology in enterprises

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 14.6.2015

 

Main topic: Science, Technology and Information Society

Last updated 16 Dec 2016

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