Science, Technology and Information Society

Research and development expenditure

  2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 1) 2015
  € million
Business enterprises 3 136 3 877 4 855 5 047 4 695 4 602 4 410 4 391
Public sector 2) 497 555 692 684 662 644 613 592
University sector 3) 789 1 042 1 425 l    1 432 1 475 1 438 1 490 1 484
Total 4 423 5 474 6 971 l    7 164 6 832 6 684 6 512 6 466
as % of GDP 3,2 3,3 3,7 3,6 3,4 3,3 *3,2 4) 3,1
  %
Business enterprises 70,9 70,8 69,6 70,5 68,7 68,9 67,7 67,9
Public sector 2) 11,2 10,1 9,9 9,6 9,7 9,6 9,4 9,2
University sector 3) 17,8 19,0 20,4 20,0 21,6 21,5 22,9 22,9
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

* preliminary data

l   line across a time series shows substantial breaks in the homogeneity of a series

1) Estimate based on survey responses and other calculations
2) Incl. private non-profit sector
3) Incl. central university hospitals and polytechnics
4) Ministry of Finance's forecast

Source: Statistics Finland, Research and development

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 17.12.2015

Use of information and communications technology by individuals

  2013 2014 2015
  % of population aged 16 to 89
Internet users 85 86 87
Uses the Internet several times per day 61 64 68
Smartphone in own use 56 63 69
Made online purchases in the past year 44 48 46

Source: Statistics Finland, Science, Technology and Information Society

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 13.6.2016

E-commerce of enterprises 1)

  Internet sales   EDI sales 2)   E-commerce, total  
  € billion % 3) € billion % 3) € billion % 3)
2007 17 6,1 29 10,0 46 16,1
2008 18 6,1 33 10,9 51 17,0
2009 15 6,1 29 11,6 44 17,8
2010 17 6,4 36 13,2 53 19,6
2011 19 6,7 34 11,7 53 18,5
2012 12 3,8 38 12,3 50 16,1
2013 15 5,0 44 14,3 59 19,2
2014 15 4,6 52 16,4 67 21,0

1) Excl, enterprises with under 10 employees
2) Electronic data interchange between organizations (EDI)
3) % of turnover

Source: Statistics Finland, Use of information technology in enterprises

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 14.6.2015

 

Main topic: Science, Technology and Information Society

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