Concepts




There are several definitions for this concept

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Under certain conditions, a court may waive punishment for the suspect even if it deemed the suspect to be guilty of an offence. A court may waive punishment if the offence, when assessed as a whole, taking into account its harmfulness or the culpability of the perpetrator manifested in it, is to be deemed of minor significance, the perpetrator has committed the offence under the age of 18 years and the act is deemed to be the result of lack of understanding or of imprudence, the act is excusable due to special reasons, or punishment is to be deemed unreasonable or the offence would not have an essential effect on the total sentence. (Criminal Code, Chapter 6, Section 1/Sections 1 to 5).

In the statistics, waiving of punishment mainly comprises the cases in which a court of justice has imposed the sanction that "punishment for the offence is waived".

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Warning is a special punishment for a public official (Criminal Code, Chapter 6, Section 1). A written warning can be issued to a public official who acts against his or her official duties or neglects them (State Civil Servants Act 750/1994).

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Warning is a disciplinary punishment for a soldier or other person subject to Chapter 45 of the Criminal Code (Criminal Code, Chapter 6, Section 1).

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Waste refers to any substance or object which the holder discards, or intends or is obliged to discard.

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Wastes are classified according to their manner of generation, composition or some other factor. The "decree on the listing of commonest wastes and hazardous wastes" issued by the Ministry of the Environment about classification is used in waste management in Finland. It is based on the EU Commission's decision on the European List of Waste. Both the aforementioned list and the statistical classification of waste contained in the regulation of the European Parliament and Council on waste statistics are applied in the compilation of waste statistics.

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The volume of waste expressed in units of weight that is generated within the national boundaries during one year. Wastes generated are usually classified by waste category or type and the generating economic activity incl. households.

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Organised activity for the purpose of collection, transport, recovery and final treatment or disposal or waste. Activities aimed at the prevention of waste generation are also regarded as waste management.

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Use of waste as raw material or other material. Energy recovery is not recycling even though it is resource recovery. However, ash can be recycled. Reuse of used goods, such as beverage bottles, is not recycling. However, reuse is part of waste management because it prevents generation of waste.

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Waste treatment refers to the recovery, neutralisation and final disposal of waste. Operations with which the composition, structure or other property of generated waste is changed in order to facilitate the activities listed above is also regarded as waste treatment.

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A mixture of waste comprised of one or more waste components.

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Describes what meaning each sub-index (commodity, employee group, etc.) belonging to the index has for total index.

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The wholesale price index measures development in the purchase prices inclusive of taxes of goods used in Finland. The index includes both domestic and imported goods. The wholesale price for domestic goods is the factory price plus value-added tax and other indirect taxes. The wholesale price for imported goods is the c.i.f. price plus customs duties, value-added tax and other indirect taxes. The index covers commodities of industry categories A to E.

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A man with a family is a married or cohabiting partner, a father with children and both partners of a registered male couple.

A woman with a family is a married or cohabiting partner, a mother with children and both partners of a registered female couple.

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Withdrawals from the income of quasi-corporations consist of the amounts which entrepreneurs actually withdraw for their own use from the profits earned by the quasi-corporations which belong to them.

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Comprises following fuel classification categories:
- Firewood (stems and split firewood) (3111)
- Chips from roundwood (3112)
- Forest residue chips (3113)
- Bark (3121)
- Sawdust, cutter shavings etc. (3122)
- Wood residue chips (3123)
- Unspecified industrial wood residue (3128)
- Other industrial wood residue (3129)
- Black liquor and other concentrated liquors (3130)
- Other by-products from wood processing industry (3140)
- Recovered wood (3150)
- Wood pellets and briquettes (3160).

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The work account refers to cases pending during the year. It shows cases transferred from the previous year, cases which have arrived during the year, solved cases, and cases transferred to the following year. Cases transferred from the previous year have been instituted before the statistical year. Cases transferred to the following year have arrived during the statistical year or earlier and have not been decided yet.

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The ratio of persons at work to the total number of employed persons.

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All goods on which work is still going on. Included are also semi-finished goods which the enterprise intends to process further, as well as unfinished goods intended for sales.

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In a working day adjusted series, the factors caused by the variation in the number of weekdays are taken into account. This means taking into consideration the lengths of months, different weekdays and holidays. Working day adjusted figures are published on industries where the variation in the number of working days has a significant effect on the time series. In comparison to trading day adjustment, working day adjustments do not pay attention to the effect of different weekdays (i.e. the effect of Fridays is not estimated separately).

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The working-age population consists of all persons aged between 15 and 74 years.

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The number of persons working in a certain area can be used to describe the number of jobs in that area. Each employed person is thus thought to represent one job. This means that even part-time work is included in the workplace statistics. If, for example, the work of someone on maternity leave is done by a substitute, two workplaces may be registered. Employment may also be of temporary or short-term in nature.

In the register-based censuses and in the employment statistics no distinction has been made between work done at fixed workplaces and work of mobile nature. Instead, all persons are allocated to some establishment regardless of the nature of the work. If exact data on the location of a workplace are lacking, persons are placed in the municipality where they live. For the majority of self-employed the location of their workplace is the same as the municipality where they live.

Workplace numbers can be distorted by flaws in data sources. For example, where detailed information on the workplace of a person employed in a company with several establishments is missing, the person's workplace is fixed to that person's place of residence, or persons may accumulate in a company's main establishment.

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Self-sufficiency in workplaces indicates the ratio between the number of people working in the area and the employed labour force living in the area. If the ratio exceeds 100%, the number of workplaces in the area is greater than the number of employed people living in the area. If the figure is below 100%, the opposite is true.

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Jaa