TopicsEducation and researchEnterprises
Research and development
The statistics on research and development describe the resources used for research, and for product and process development. The statistics are based on data obtained from enterprises, universities, university hospitals, universities of applied science as well as organisations from private non-profit and public sector. The OECD and EU recommendations are observed in the compilation of the statistics.
Data added to database table and new database table added in the statistics on research and development.Read more about the change
Enterprise unit has been implemented in the statistics on research and development.Read more about the change
Ratio to GDP of R&D expenditure, %
2022Research and development
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Are you looking for previously published statistical data?
The statistical data released before 5.4.2022 can be found on the archive pages of the statistics.Go to the archive page