Published: 19 April 2007

Finnish-language summary of data on emissions in 2005

For the first time, Statistics Finland has compiled a Finnish-language summary report of greenhouse gas emissions in Finland over the 1990-2005 period. The reported data are based on the national inventory submitted annually to the UNFCCC. Besides the data on actual emissions the report also sheds light on the causes behind emission trends. In addition, the report contains an overview of future emission scenarios and emissions data reported by other countries.

Official data on greenhouse gas emissions in 2005 to the UNFCCC

On 13 April, Statistics Finland submitted official data on greenhouse gas emissions in Finland in 2005 to the UNFCCC. In 2005, Finland's greenhouse gas emissions were below the target level of the Kyoto Protocol. The target level for Finland is defined by the emissions level of the year 1990.

In 2005, greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 69,3 Mt of CO2 equivalent, which is nearly three per cent less than in 1990. The low emissions resulted mostly from reasons other than actual measures aimed at the reduction of emissions. Due to the excellent water situation, Finland was able to import a record amount of electricity produced with CO2 free hydro power from the Nordic electricity markets. National production of condensate electricity based on fossil fuels and peat fell. Emissions from the Energy industry decreased by 33 per cent from the previous year in 2005. Industrial action in the forest industry was also reflected through decreased energy consumption in the emission volumes of the manufacturing and energy sector.

Greenhouse gas emissions have fluctuated considerably in Finland between 1990 and 2005. However, a rising trend can be seen in the time series. The annual variation is mainly explained by the ratio between imported and nationally produced condensate electricity in annual energy consumption. The range of the fluctuation has exceeded 10 Mt CO2.

Most of the greenhouse gas emissions are CO2 emissions from the energy sector. All in all, carbon dioxide emissions diminished by 17 per cent from the previous year in 2005, and matched roughly the 1990 level of CO2 emissions. Most of the emissions originated from the combustion of fossil fuels and peat in energy production (21,7 Mt CO2) and manufacturing (11,4 Mt CO2). Emissions from transport were also a substantial source (13,5 Mt CO2.).

Emissions of other important greenhouse gases, methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), have decreased compared to the emission levels of 1990. In 2005, N2O-emissions were 13 per cent lower and CH4 emission 30 per cent lower than in 1990. N2O emissions have diminished mainly due to decreased nitrogen fertilisation. The energy sector and industrial processes, such as production of nitric acid are other relevant sources of N2O emissions. Methane emissions come mostly from waste management and enteric fermentation of livestock. Methane emissions have fallen mainly due to improvements in waste treatment and diminished animal husbandry.

Emissions of F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6), which are used in refrigeration and air conditioning equipment are clearly on the increase. In 2005, emissions of F-gases were eightfold compared to 1995. Under the Kyoto Protocol, Finland's emissions of F-gases are compared to the level of emissions in 1995. The significance of F-gases in total emissions is, however, small.

Sinks from Land use, Land use change and the Forestry sector (so-called sink sector) refer to removals of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. In the national inventory, removals and emissions of this sector are reported separately from the emissions of other sectors. In Finland, the net sink of this sector amounted to over 30 Mt CO2 in 2005. The sink was mainly due to the removal of CO2 from the atmosphere by forest growth.

Development of greenhouse gas emissions by sector in 1990-2005 relative to their 1990 levels, % (1990 = 100%)

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Greenhouse gas emissions by gas and source in 1990 and 1995-2005 (Gg CO2 eq.)

Gas Emission source 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
All Total 71 000 72 000 77 000 76 000 72 000 72 000 70 000 75 000 77 000 85 000 81 000 69 000
                           
CO2 Total 57 000 58 000 64 000 63 000 60 000 59 000 57 000 62 000 65 000 73 000 69 000 57 000
  Energy production 53 000 55 000 61 000 59 000 56 000 55 000 54 000 59 000 61 000 69 000 65 000 53 000
  Industrial processes 3 300 3 000 3 200 3 500 3 400 3 500 3 600 3 600 3 500 3 800 4 000 3 700
  Solvent use 116 81 76 74 74 73 72 72 68 64 65 60
                           
N2O Total 7 900 7 200 7 100 7 100 6 900 6 800 6 800 6 800 6 800 6 900 6 900 6 800
  Agriculture 5 000 4 400 4 300 4 200 4 100 4 000 4 100 4 000 3 900 3 900 3 800 3 700
  Industrial processes 1 660 1 460 1 460 1 440 1 380 1 350 1 360 1 280 1 340 1 420 1 460 1 570
  Energy production 1 010 1 080 1 160 1 190 1 200 1 230 1 220 1 300 1 360 1 440 1 450 1 350
  Waste treatment 164 163 163 162 158 156 158 160 157 161 161 164
  Use of nitrous oxide 62 62 62 62 62 62 53 50 43 40 40 47
                           
CH4 Total 6 300 6 100 6 000 5 900 5 700 5 600 5 400 5 300 5 100 4 900 4 700 4 500
  Waste treatment 3 800 3 800 3 700 3 600 3 400 3 300 3 100 3 000 2 800 2 600 2 500 2 300
  Agriculture 2 150 1 930 1 950 1 980 1 940 1 910 1 910 1 880 1 900 1 880 1 860 1 850
  Energy production 316 378 387 375 376 355 341 361 357 362 347 345
  Industrial processes 9 14 14 13 15 15 15 15 14 15 16 16
                           
F gases Total 94 98 150 240 300 400 580 730 530 710 730 890

NB Due to rounding, the sums in the tables may not always agree.

Land use, land use change and forestry sector's emissions and sinks in 1990 and 1995-2005 (Tg CO2 eq.)

    1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
CO2 Total -21 -15 -23 -17 -16 -17 -16 -19 -19 -18 -19 -31
  Forest land -28 -24 -31 -25 -25 -26 -25 -28 -27 -26 -26 -38
  Grassland -1,6 1,1 0,6 1 1,7 2,4 3 3,2 2,7 3 3,2 2,3
  Peat extraction areas 0,59 0,66 0,67 0,68 0,68 0,68 0,68 0,67 0,69 0,64 0,61 0,73
  Cropland 7,4 6,9 7,1 6,7 6,1 5,8 5,3 5,1 4,6 4,2 3,9 3,6
                           
N2O Total 0,036 0,015 0,017 0,022 0,018 0,023 0,022 0,02 0,021 0,02 0,02 0,02
  Forest land 0,028 0,007 0,008 0,013 0,009 0,014 0,014 0,012 0,012 0,012 0,012 0,011
  Peat extraction areas 0,008 0,008 0,009 0,009 0,009 0,009 0,009 0,009 0,009 0,008 0,008 0,009
                           
CH4 Total 0,015 0,012 0,01 0,013 0,009 0,012 0,009 0,012 0,013 0,012 0,008 0,011
  Forest land 0,009 0,005 0,003 0,006 0,002 0,005 0,002 0,005 0,006 0,005 0,002 0,004
  Peat extraction areas 0,006 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,007 0,006 0,007

(Negative figures indicate removals, positive ones emissions.)

Whole submission concerning year 2005

Source: Greenhouse gas emissions in Finland 1990-2005, National Inventory Report to the UNFCCC, 15 April 2007. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Ms Riitta Pipatti +358 9 1734 3543; Ms Tuija Lapveteläinen +358 9 1734 3528, firstname.lastname@stat.fi

Director in charge: Kaija Hovi

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Last updated 19.4.2007

Viittausohje:

Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Greenhouse gases [verkkojulkaisu].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2005. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [viitattu: 27.6.2019].
Saantitapa: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2005/khki_2005_2007-04-19_tie_001_en.html