A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumer Confidence 2020, October

Published: 27 August 2014

Consumer confidence weakened in August

The consumer confidence indicator stood at 2.2 in August, whereas in July it was 9.4 and in June 8.7. One year ago in August, the confidence indicator received the value 5.0. The long-term average for the confidence indicator is 12.1. The data are based on Statistics Finland’s Consumer Survey, for which 1,156 people resident in Finland were interviewed between 1 and 19 August.

Consumer confidence indicator (CCI)

Consumer confidence indicator (CCI)

Of the four components of the consumer confidence indicator, expectations concerning Finland’s economy and development of unemployment weakened clearly in August from July. These components were roughly at the same level as one year ago in August. Consumers' views on their own economy and household’s saving possibilities remained almost unchanged in August compared to July.

In August, consumers considered raising a loan more worthwhile than purchasing of durable goods or saving. The personal threat of unemployment experienced by employed persons was almost at the same level in August as in July.

Consumers' own and Finland's economy

In August, 23 per cent of consumers believed that Finland’s economic situation would improve in the coming twelve months, while 38 per cent of them thought that the country’s economy would deteriorate. The corresponding proportions were 35 and 23 per cent in July, and 25 and 35 per cent one year ago in August.

In all, 23 per cent of consumers believed in August that their own economy would improve and 15 per cent of them feared it would worsen over the year. One year ago, the respective proportions were 23 and 14 per cent.

Consumers' expectations concerning their own and Finland's economy in 12 months' time

Consumers' expectations concerning their own and Finland's economy in 12 months' time

Unemployment and inflation

Altogether, 10 per cent of consumers thought in August that unemployment would decrease in Finland over the year, while 62 per cent of them believed it would increase. The corresponding proportions were 18 and 45 per cent in July, and 12 and 61 per cent one year ago in August.

In August, 10 per cent of employed persons believed that their personal threat of unemployment had lessened over the past few months, whereas 22 per cent thought it had grown. In August, 46 per cent of employed persons thought the threat had remained unchanged and 22 per cent felt that they were not threatened by unemployment at all.

Consumers predicted in August that consumer prices would go up by 2.2 per cent over the next 12 months. In July, the predicted inflation rate was 2.7 per cent, and its long-term average is 2.3 per cent.

Buying of durable goods

In August, 38 per cent of consumers thought the time was favourable for buying durable goods. Fifteen per cent of households were fairly or very certain to buy a car and seven per cent a dwelling during the next 12 months. Twenty per cent of households were planning to spend money on renovating their dwelling within a year.

Saving and taking out a loan

Altogether, 48 per cent of consumers considered saving worthwhile in August. In all, 61 per cent of households had been able to lay aside some money and 75 per cent believed they would be able to do so during the next 12 months.

In August, 56 per cent of consumers regarded the time good for raising a loan. Twelve per cent of households were planning to raise a loan within one year.

Consumers' views of the economy

  Average 10/1995- Max. 10/1995- Min. 10/1995- 08/2013 07/2014 08/2014 Outlook
A1 Consumer confidence indicator, CCI = (B2+B4+B7+D2)/4 12,1 22,9 -6,5 5,0 9,4 2,2 --
B2 Own economy in 12 months' time (balance) 8,5 14,1 2,3 5,7 6,3 5,2 --
B4 Finland's economy in 12 months' time (balance) 3,4 25,3 -27,1 -7,0 5,3 -9,6 --
B6 Inflation in 12 months' time (per cent) 2,3 4,6 0,6 2,6 2,7 2,2  
B7 Unemployment in Finland in 12 months' time (balance) -2,5 27,6 -51,1 -27,4 -15,0 -28,9 --
B8 Own threat of unemployment now (balance) -0,6 7,6 -18,8 -5,0 -6,0 -5,6 -
C1 Favourability of time for purchasing durables (balance) 18,4 41,8 -14,2 3,7 5,0 3,4 --
C2 Favourability of time for saving (balance) 11,1 36,8 -19,6 7,2 4,3 -0,1 -
C3 Favourability of time for raising a loan (balance) 16,9 42,0 -47,1 6,7 11,7 9,7 -
D2 Household's saving possibilities in the next 12 months (balance) 38,8 52,2 10,9 48,7 40,8 42,1 +

The balance figures are obtained by deducting the weighted proportion of negative answers from that of positive answers. The consumer confidence indicator is the average of the balance figures for the CCI components. The balance figures and the confidence indicator can range between -100 and +100 – the higher (positive) balance figure, the brighter the view on the economy.

Explanations for Outlook column: ++ Outlook is very good, + Outlook is good, = Outlook is neutral, - Outlook is poor, -- Outlook is very poor. Deviation of balance from average has been compared to standard deviation.

The population and sample of the Survey

The population of the Consumer Survey comprises 4.4 million persons aged 15 to 84 and their 2.6 million households in Finland. The population was extended to persons aged 75 to 84 starting from January 2012. The gross size of the monthly sample of the Survey is 2,350 persons (previously 2,200 persons).

In August, the non-response rate of the Consumer Survey was 50.8 per cent. The non-response rate includes those who refused from the survey or were otherwise prevented from participating, as well as those who could not be contacted.

The extension of the population, that is, responses from persons aged 75 to 84, is estimated to have weakened the value of the consumer confidence indicator by good one unit starting from January 2012. This has primarily been caused by a drop in the balance figure of one component, namely own household's saving possibilities. The extension of the population has also somewhat affected the results on owning various home technology.

EU results

The (seasonally adjusted) Consumer Survey results for all EU countries are released on the European Commission website: European Commission, DG ECFIN, Business and Consumer Survey Results; http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/db_indicators/surveys/index_en.htm

Source: Consumer Survey 2014, August. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Tara Junes 029 551 3503, Pertti Kangassalo 029 551 3598, consumer.survey@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Updated 27.8.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer Confidence [e-publication].
ISSN=2669-8889. August 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 30.11.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kbar/2014/08/kbar_2014_08_2014-08-27_tie_001_en.html