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Latest publication: Energy supply and consumption 2019, 1st quarter

Published: 23 March 2017

Total energy consumption rose by 2 per cent in 2016

According to Statistics Finland’s preliminary data, total energy consumption in 2016 amounted to 1,335 PJ (petajoule), or 371 TWh, which was two per cent more than in 2015. Electricity consumption amounted to 85.1 TWh, up by around three per cent year-on-year. Energy consumption rose on account of slightly colder weather last year compared with the record warm previous year. Despite a small rise, total consumption was the second lowest in the 2010s. Carbon dioxide emissions from energy production rose by seven per cent.

Total energy consumption, final consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 1990–2016*

Total energy consumption, final consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 1990–2016*

Among fuels, the consumption of coal (including hard coal, coke, and blast furnace and coke oven gas) rose by 16 per cent and wood fuels by five per cent last year. In turn, the consumption of natural gas decreased by nine per cent and that of peat by five per cent. The consumption of oil was nearly on level with the previous year. The main energy sources were wood fuels with a 26 per cent share and oil with a 23 per cent share.

The use of fossil fuels grew by five per cent from the previous year and their share in total energy consumption was 38 per cent. Renewable energy was used almost as much as in the previous year and its share was 34 per cent. In addition, for renewable energy, it should be noted that the consumption of biofuels fell by 65 per cent, after having been on record level in two previous years. Annual variation in the consumption of biofuels is caused by Finland's biofuel legislation, which gives distributors the possibility to fulfil the bio obligation flexibly in advance.

EU targets for renewable energy are calculated relative to final energy consumption and in Finland this share has been around three to five percentage points higher than the share calculated from total energy consumption. Finland's target for the share of renewable energy is 38 per cent of final energy consumption in 2020. In 2015, this share was 39.3 per cent.

Final consumption of energy went up by two per cent. Final consumption of energy in manufacturing remained unchanged from the previous year, being 45 per cent of total consumption according to preliminary data. The use of heating energy of buildings was eight per cent higher and its share was 26 per cent. The use of energy in transport rose by one per cent and was 17 per cent of final energy consumption.

Domestic production of electricity excluding transmission losses was 66.1 TWh, which is nearly as much as one year ago. Most electricity was produced with nuclear power, which accounted for 34 per cent of the total. Nearly as much electricity was produced in combined heat and power production as in the year before and its share of electricity production was the second highest, 31 per cent. The production of condensate power increased by eight per cent and it accounted for seven per cent of domestic production. Last year, the water situation weakened towards the end of the year and the volume of electricity produced with hydro power fell by six per cent, but its share still reached 24 per cent. The production of wind power continued growing strongly at 32 per cent and its share was five per cent last year.

Net imports of electricity to Finland amounted to 19.0 TWh in 2016, which was more than ever before. Compared to 2015, the growth was 16 per cent and its share of electricity consumed in Finland was 22 per cent. Most electricity was imported from Sweden, 15.4 TWh. Electricity imports from Russia increased by 49 per cent and amounted to 5.9 TWh last year. Almost all exports of electricity from Finland were directed to Estonia, amounting to 3.1 TWh.

Last year, diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 7.2 billion, which was seven per cent less than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was around 63 per cent. Respectively, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 3.9 billion, which was seven per cent up on 2015. Most energy products were exported from Finland to OECD countries, which accounted for 79 per cent of the value of exports.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source, TJ 4) 2016* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 310,408 0 23
Coal 1) 116,744 16 9
Natural gas 74,990 -9 6
Nuclear energy 2) 243,119 0 18
Net imports of electricity 3) 68,235 16 5
Hydro power 3) 56,227 -6 4
Wind power 3) 11,047 32 1
Peat 54,836 -5 4
Wood fuels 346,475 5 26
Others 52,940 0 4
TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION 1,335,020 2 100
Bunkers 38,861 -1 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 43 7 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691, energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 23.3.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 4th quarter 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 19.7.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ehk/2016/04/ehk_2016_04_2017-03-23_tie_001_en.html