A more recent publication of this set of statistics is available.

Latest publication: Consumer Confidence 2020, March

1. Examination of answer distributions

Consumers' own and Finland's economy

In December, only 12 per cent of consumers believed that Finland’s economic situation would improve in the coming twelve months, while 38 per cent of them thought that the country’s economy would deteriorate. The respective proportions in November were 10 and 44 per cent.

In all, 28 per cent of consumers believed in December that their own economy would improve and 14 per cent of them feared it would worsen over the year. The respective proportions in November were 28 and 13 per cent. Twenty-seven per cent of consumers estimated that their economy was now better than a year ago and 17 per cent felt that it was worse in December. In November, the respective proportions were 26 and 18 per cent.

Unemployment and inflation

Altogether 19 per cent of consumers thought in December that overall unemployment would decrease over the year, while 37 per cent of them believed it would increase. The respective proportions in November were 16 and 39 per cent.

In December, 46 per cent of employed persons felt that they were not threatened by unemployment at all. Eight per cent of employed persons reckoned that their personal threat of unemployment had lessened over the past few months, while 18 per cent thought it had grown.

Consumers predicted in December that consumer prices would go up by 2.7 per cent over the next 12 months. In November, the predicted inflation rate was still 2.4 per cent and its long-term average is 3.0 per cent.

Saving and taking out a loan

In December, 63 per cent of consumers thought the time was favourable for saving. Sixty-one per cent of households had been able to lay aside some money and 77 per cent believed they would be able to do so during the next 12 months.

In December, 64 per cent of consumers regarded the time good for taking out a loan. More consumers than usual or 17 per cent of them considered raising a loan within one year.

Buying of durable goods

Twenty-nine per cent of consumers considered the time favourable for buying durable goods in December. In November, the share was 26 per cent. Fourteen per cent of consumers planned on increasing and 35 per cent on reducing their spending on durable goods over the next 12 months.

In December, 15 per cent of consumers were either definitely or possibly going to buy a car during the next 12 months. More consumers than usual or 16 per cent of them considered buying a dwelling. Nineteen per cent of consumers were planning to spend money on renovating their dwelling within a year.

Method of the Consumer Confidence Survey

The Consumer Confidence Survey measures Finnish consumers’ confidence in the economy, that is, views and expectations about the development of their own and Finland’s general economic situation. The survey also examines consumers' intentions of making major purchases, saving and raising loans. The survey is carried out with a mixed-mode data collection method, i.e. with a web questionnaire and by telephone interviews (CATI). For the Consumer Confidence Survey, answers are given by means of answer options (qualitative survey).

The former name of the Consumer Confidence Survey was the Consumer Survey. Earlier the survey was carried out by means of telephone interviews only. The first interviews were conducted in November 1987. Until 1991, the survey was carried out twice a year, in May and November. In 1992, the survey times increased to four: the survey months were February, May, August and November. Since October 1995, the consumer confidence data have been collected monthly on assignment from and partial financing of the European Commission .

Sampling and data collection

The population of the Consumer Confidence Survey comprises 4.0 million persons aged 18 to 74 in Finland. The rotating panel design is used in the survey: everybody answers twice within six months. Each month, the target is a random sample of about 2,200 persons, of whom one half are included in the first round and one half in the second round. The target area of the survey is the whole country and the respondents represent the population in Finland, according to age, gender, area of residence and native language. The data collection period for the survey is the first two or three weeks of the month.

In December 2019, in all, 1,060 responses were gained. The non-response rate of the survey was 51.5 per cent. This includes those who refused from the survey or were otherwise prevented from participating, as well as those who could not be contacted. Possible over-coverage (dead, inmates of institutions, moved abroad, etc.) is also included in non-response here.

Weighting

The response data of the Consumer Confidence Survey are expanded to the whole population with weighting coefficients. Weighting corrects the effects of non-response and improves the statistical accuracy of the data. The weights are established by using a calibration method (Calmar) and the probability of each observation to be included in the sample. The figures and series presented are not seasonally adjusted.


Source: Consumer Confidence 2019, December. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pertti Kangassalo 029 551 3598, Tuomas Parikka 029 551 3276, consumer.confidence@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma


Updated 27.12.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer Confidence [e-publication].
ISSN=2669-8889. December 2019, 1. Examination of answer distributions . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 31.3.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kbar/2019/12/kbar_2019_12_2019-12-27_kat_001_en.html