Population and families

The page contains data on women and men in Finland's population and families.

More population and family statistics by sex:

Population structure

The population structure describes the entire population of Finland by age and gender. More boys than girls are born in Finland, but in older age groups the number of women surpasses that of men due to higher mortality among men than women.

Click the graphs to make additional selections (variable selections, table views, exporting data).

Population by age and sex

Women and men in families

In the graph below, you can examine the population by family status, gender and age.

In all, women live by themselves more often than men do, but living alone varies throughout the lifespan of women and men.

There are clearly more women living alone than men if for no other reason simply because women live, on average, longer than men. Living alone is more common for men than women from the age of over 20 to over 50. After this, living alone becomes more common for women. For example, one-half of women aged over 80 live alone.

There are more families formed by a mother and children than families with a father and children.

There are more boys and men having the status of a child than girls and women as young men move out from their childhood home at an older age than young women. Here, all children living with their parents or the spouse's biological children or adopted children are considered children regardless of their age.


 Population by family status, age and sex


Birth rate

The estimate on the number of children that women give birth to during their lifetime is expressed with the total fertility rate that describes the birth rate. Since 1969, the birth rate has been below the population regeneration rate, which is 2.1 children per woman. The total fertility rate dropped at the beginning of the 1970s to 1.50, which is the lowest figure so far. The birth rate has been declining over the 2010s.

In addition to the birth rate, the number of children born has also been declining and thus the family size has shrunk.

 Total fertility rate

Last updated 29 Jun 2021