Economy and livelihood

This topic page contains data on women's and men’s wages and salaries and livelihood.

More statistics on the economy and livelihood by sex:


Women's and men's average earnings by employer sector

The general earnings level has risen quite evenly both for women and men. Women's average monthly earnings are, however, lower in all employer sectors than men’s and the difference between the earnings has decreased very slowly.

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Average monthly earnings by sector and gender, euro

*preliminary information

Women and men as income earners

The statistics on taxable income cover personal income of all taxable persons. The statistics do not include tax-free income like various income transfers and some property income.

Women and men are positioned unevenly across different income brackets in terms of taxable income. There are more men than women in the higher income brackets. Women, in turn, belong to the lower income brackets more often than men. On the other hand, the lowest income bracket (under EUR 5,000) includes as many men as women.


Low income earning

According to the European principle, those whose income is below 60 per cent of median income are considered at-risk-of-poverty. As an indicator, the at-risk-of-poverty rate describes the share of persons of the entire population or population group that remain below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. . Women's at-risk-of-poverty rate has, as a rule, been higher than that of men, especially due to the low income of elderly women living alone. In recent years, the at-risk-of-poverty rates for women and men have, however, grown closer.

When measuring at-risk-of-poverty, the income distribution statistics take into account both taxable and tax-free income and the statistics covers the entire household population. Instead of personal income, the income unit is the household, where the income of every household member is assumed to be shared by the household. The persons living in the household form their own imputed consumption units.


More about the methodologies of the income distribution statistics (only in Finnish).