Environment and Natural Resources

Contents

Geographical data

Area, km2, 1.1.2020
Area 338 465
  Land area 303 933
  Fresh water 34 532
Sea water 52 444
Total 390 909
Boundaries, km
Sweden 614
Norway 736
Russia 1 340
Limit of territorial waters 1 250
Total 3 940
Greatest length, km
Hanko–Utsjoki 1 157
Greatest width, km
Närpiö–Ilomantsi 542
Highest point, m
Halti  1 324
Longest river, km
Kemijoki  500
Largest lakes, km2
Saimaa 1 393
Päijänne 1 082
Inarijärvi 1 082
Oulujärvi 912
Pielinen 895
Largest islands, km2
a) Sea
Mainland Åland 689
Kemiönsaari 545
b) Inland waters
Soisalo 1 540

Lakes with an area of 500 m2 or more total about 168 000, of which around 57 000 with an area of over one hectare.
Islands with an area of 100 m2 or more total about 187 000.

Sources: National Land Survey of Finland

Finnish Environment Institute

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 21.1.2020

Protected and wilderness areas on 1 January 2019

  Number Area, ha Water, %
Protected areas 11 614 2 366 532 17,8
National parks 40 1 002 304 18,0
Strict nature reserves 19 154 150 1,9
Mire reserves 167 473 866 2,5
Herb-rich forest reserves 46 1 058 1,1
Old-growth forest reserves 87 9 479 3,0
Other state-owned protected areas 284 350 439 10,1
Protected areas on private land 10 911 339 484 53,5
Protected areas on Åland 60 35 752 92,2
Wilderness reserves 12 1 489 121 7,5

In addition, the Act on the Protection of Rapids protects a total of 53 individual rapids, river portions or catchment areas against power station construction.
Corresponding acts have been passed on the protection of the Ounasjoki and Kyrönjoki rivers.

Sources: Ministry of the Environment

Metsähallitus

ÅSUB

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 6.2.2019

National parks and strict nature reserves on 1 January 2019

Content available in Excel format

© Metsähallitus 2019
© National Land Survey of Finland 1/MML/19

Source: Metsähallitus

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 24.1.2019

Weather conditions

  Mean daily temperature (centigrade) Number of days with precipitation 1)
  Helsinki Sodankylä  Helsinki Sodankylä 
   1981–2010 2018  1981–2010 2018  1981–2010 2018  1981–2010 2018
January -3,9 -1,2 -13,5 -11,7 12 9 9 9
February -4,7 -7,0 -12,7 -14,9 8 5 8 1
March -1,3 -3,6 -7,5 -10,4 8 5 8 5
April 3,9 5,0 -1,3 0,2 7 9 6 10
May 10,2 14,5 5,3 10,2 7 2 9 3
June 14,6 15,3 11,6 11,0 8 5 10 8
July 17,8 21,1 14,5 20,1 8 5 11 6
August 16,3 18,6 11,7 13,6 10 7 10 12
September 11,5 13,9 6,2 7,8 10 11 9 13
October 6,6 7,7 0,1 -0,4 10 9 9 5
November 1,6 3,8 -7,1 -0,8 12 3 10 4
December -2,0 -0,8 -11,7 -8,5 11 9 8 12

oF = 9/5oC + 32

1) Precipitation ≥ 1,0 mm

Source: Finnish Meteorological Institute

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 1.2.2019

Air emissions

  1990 2000 2010 2016 2017 2018
Greenhouse gas emissions, CO2 eq., mil. tonnes 71,3 70,2 75,7 58,1 55,3 56,4
Carbon dioxide 1), mil. tonnes 52,6 52,8 59,3 42,5 40,1 41,3
Sulphur (as SO2), thousand tonnes 250   81 67 40 35 34
Nitrogen oxides (as NO2), thousand tonnes 299   236 181 129 125 121

1) Emissions from combustion of fossil fuels and peat

Source: Statistics Finland, Greenhouse gases

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 13.12.2019

Municipal waste by treatment method

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Waste statistics

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 11.1.2019, Corrected on 25 February 2019

 

Main topic: Environment and Natural Resources

Last updated 21 Jan 2020