Building production

Statistical data on building production are based on notifications submitted by municipal building supervision authorities to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency concerning building projects subject to building permits and their construction stages. Building production data can be used to examine the state and development of construction in the whole country and by area. The data are particularly suitable for assessing the economic situation. By means of building production data, the examination of economic development can be deepened and defined by focusing on different types of buildings or regional data.

Information about building permits and projects

The service provides information on granted building permits, and started and completed building projects. The key variables of the data content are

  • Number of building permits
  • Cubic capacity
  • Floor space
  • Number of dwellings
  • Area of dwellings

Building and dwelling production by Construction stage, Municipality 2018, Period, Intended use of building and Data

Muuttuja Muuttujan arvot
Construction stage
(3 arvoa)
Building permits, Building starts, Building completions
Municipality 2018
(312 arvoa)
WHOLE COUNTRY, Akaa, Alajärvi, Alavieska, Alavus, Asikkala, Askola, Aura, Brändö, Eckerö, Enonkoski, Enontekiö, Espoo, Eura, Eurajoki, Evijärvi, Finström, Forssa, Föglö, Geta, Haapajärvi...
Period
(279 arvoa)
1995M01, 1995M02, 1995M03, 1995M04, 1995M05, 1995M06, 1995M07, 1995M08, 1995M09, 1995M10, 1995M11, 1995M12, 1996M01, 1996M02, 1996M03, 1996M04, 1996M05, 1996M06, 1996M07, 1996M08, 1996M0...
Intended use of building
(52 arvoa)
SSS All buildings, AA Residential buildings, A Residential buildings, 01 Detached houses, 02 Attached houses, 03 Blocks of flats, BB Free-time residential buildings, B Free-time resident...
Data
(10 arvoa)
Building projects (No.), Volume (m3), Floor area (m2), Dwellings (No.), Useful floor area (m2), Building projects (psc), moving annual total, Volume (m3), moving annual total, Floor area...

Building and dwelling production by Construction stage, Municipality 2018, Period, Intended use of building and Data

Muuttuja Muuttujan arvot
Construction stage
(3 arvoa)
Building permits, Building starts, Building completions
Municipality 2018
(312 arvoa)
WHOLE COUNTRY, Akaa, Alajärvi, Alavieska, Alavus, Asikkala, Askola, Aura, Brändö, Eckerö, Enonkoski, Enontekiö, Espoo, Eura, Eurajoki, Evijärvi, Finström, Forssa, Föglö, Geta, Haapajärvi...
Period
(93 arvoa)
1995Q1, 1995Q2, 1995Q3, 1995Q4, 1996Q1, 1996Q2, 1996Q3, 1996Q4, 1997Q1, 1997Q2, 1997Q3, 1997Q4, 1998Q1, 1998Q2, 1998Q3, 1998Q4, 1999Q1, 1999Q2, 1999Q3, 1999Q4, 2000Q1, 2000Q2, 2000Q3, 20...
Intended use of building
(52 arvoa)
SSS All buildings, AA Residential buildings, A Residential buildings, 01 Detached houses, 02 Attached houses, 03 Blocks of flats, BB Free-time residential buildings, B Free-time resident...
Data
(5 arvoa)
Building projects (No.), Volume (m3), Floor area (m2), Dwellings (No.), Useful floor area (m2)

Building and dwelling production by Construction stage, Province 2018, Building characteristic, Period, Intended use of building and Data

Muuttuja Muuttujan arvot
Construction stage
(3 arvoa)
Building permits, Building starts, Building completions
Province 2018
(20 arvoa)
WHOLE COUNTRY, Uusimaa, Varsinais-Suomi, Satakunta, Kanta-Häme, Pirkanmaa, Päijät-Häme, Kymenlaakso, South Karelia, Etelä-Savo, Pohjois-Savo, North Karelia, Central Finland, South Ostrob...
Building characteristic
(52 arvoa)
Total, Facade material, Concrete, Facade material, Stone, Facade material, Glass, Facade material, Sheet metal, Facade material, Other, Facade material, Wood, Facade material, Brick, Fac...
Period
(23 arvoa)
1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Intended use of building
(52 arvoa)
SSS All buildings, AA Residential buildings, A Residential buildings, 01 Detached houses, 02 Attached houses, 03 Blocks of flats, BB Free-time residential buildings, B Free-time resident...
Data
(5 arvoa)
Building projects (No.), Volume (m3), Floor area (m2), Dwellings (No.), Useful floor area (m2)

Building permit

Depending on the size of the building project, a building permit is a permission for construction granted by municipal building supervision or environmental control authorities according to the Land Use and Building Act. A building project notification is made on projects requiring a building permit, on which data content the statistics on building and dwelling production are based.

Projects requiring a building permit are such as construction of a new building, building of an extension, renovation and repair work comparable to construction of a building, expansion of a building or addition of space calculated in its floor area, essential alteration of the building or its use purpose.

Building production

Building production refers to building construction production subject to a building permit, as a result of which buildings with different use purposes are produced.

Building

A building refers to any independent structure permanently constructed or erected on its site. It has its own entrance and contains covered space intended for different purposes, usually enclosed within outer walls or walls separating it from other structures.

A multi-purpose building is a building which has space for different use purposes, such as residential and business premises.

Caves and other subterranean spaces which are mainly enclosed within rock or similar walls and/or which do not contain structures comparable to the interior structures of buildings proper, for example, underground oil tanks, are not buildings. Stalls, kiosks and so on that do not contain space separated by closed walls, and transportable caravans, ships and so on are not classified as buildings.

Started building

A building is registered as a started building into the Population Information System maintained by the Digital and Population Data Services Agency when municipal building supervision authorities have performed an initial inspection and recorded the starting date of construction work in the system (RH5).

Completed building

A building has been completed when municipal building supervision authorities have performed a final inspection of the building and recorded the date in question in the Digital and Population Data Services Agency's register of buildings and dwellings (RH5).

Residential building

A building used for dwelling in which the dwelling area makes up at least one-half of the total floor area (Classification of buildings).

Dwelling unit

A dwelling unit is an individualised part separated by construction technology from other apartments for housing comprising one or more dwelling rooms and other room space serving housing, such as a hall, corridor and bathroom. The net room area of a dwelling unit must be at least 20 m2 (excl. residential dwellings built in 1970) and the net room area of a dwelling room must be at least seven m2. The spaces and floor design of the dwelling unit must be suitable for housing, and the purity of the indoor air, temperature, humidity, noise, ventilation, radiation and other corresponding conditions in the interior must be such that they do not cause a health hazard to those staying in the dwelling or the interior space.

Newbuilding construction

Newbuilding is considered to be newbuilding subject to a building permit, extension of buildings and a change comparable to re-construction. Newbuilding produces new space either entirely in the form of new building construction, extensions made to existing buildings or a re-constructed building.

Construction, which produces new space, a new construction or a new building (Kira glossary).

Purpose of use of the building

The purpose of use of a building is determined based on the intended use of the largest share of its floor area. The types of buildings used in the construction statistics are:

  • Residential buildings
  • Commercial buildings
  • Office buildings
  • Transport and communications buildings
  • Health care and social services buildings
  • Assembly buildings
  • Educational buildings
  • Industrial buildings
  • Warehouses
  • Firefighting and rescue services buildings
  • Other buildings.
     

The classification of buildings is presented in Statistics Finland's Handbook Classification of Buildings 1994.

Construction stage

The construction stage indicates the different stages of the construction of buildings: granted building permit, started building project and completed building.

Cubic capacity of a building

The cubic capacity of a building is calculated in accordance with the Finnish Standards Association's standard SFS 2460, RT 120.12.

The cubic capacity of a building is the space limited by the exterior surfaces of outer walls, the lower surface of the base floor (the base of the building’s lowest space with thermal insulation) and the upper surface of the roof (the building part limiting the building's uppermost heated space from above including thermal insulation and protection).

Gross floor area of a building

The gross floor area of a building includes the floor areas of each storey measured to the outer face of the exterior walls, and the area of the basement storey, attic or loft in which premises for the building's principal intended use are located or in which such premises could be located on the basis of position, access, size, available light and other attributes. (Land-use and Building Act, Section 115, Paragraph 3).

The gross floor areas and the areas of parts included in the basement storey, attic or loft are calculated using the standard concepts as floor plates. Because in the attic, loft and basement storeys the floor area includes only the spaces according to principal use, the building’s floor area can be smaller than the gross area.

Number of dwellings

The number of new dwellings or dwelling units used for permanent residence directed to building permits granted in a certain period.

Area of a dwelling

The area of a dwelling, i.e. a residential dwelling is the floor area that is limited, on the one hand, by walls surrounding the dwelling, on the other hand, by the main walls and the surfaces of building parts in the inside of the dwelling necessary for the whole building. 

NB The floor areas of auxiliary spaces (utility space, walk-in wardrobe, etc.), bathroom, hobby room, fireplace room, sauna in dwelling, washroom and changing room, and rooms used as working space if no hired employees work in them are also included in the floor area of a residential dwelling. Garage, cellar, sauna space in unfurnished basement, unheated storage space, balcony, porch, veranda, vestibule and unoccupied attic spaces are not included in the floor area of a residential dwelling.