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Building stock 2014

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

Corrected on 16 June 2018. The corrected number is indicated in red.

At the end of 2014 there were 1,5 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 461 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 310 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 813 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 63 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Table 2. Number of buildings by intended use on 31 Dec. 2014

  Buildings Per cent of total buildings (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 497 534 100,0
A.Residential buildings 1 277 699 85,3
Detached houses 1 139 290 76,1
Attached houses 79 362 5,3
Blocks of flats 59 047 3,9
C-N Other bulldings 219 835 14,7
C Commercial buildings 42 868 2,9
D Office buildings 10 846 0,7
E Traffic buildings 56 363 3,8
F Institutional buildings 8 606 0,6
G Buildings for assembly 13 977 0,9
H Educational buildings 8 867 0,6
J Industrial buildings 42 799 2,9
K Warehouses 29 833 2,0
L,N Other buildings 5 676 0,4

The building stock grew by 13 500

There were 1 497 500 buildings in Finland at the end of 2014 The building stock grew by 13 500 from the year before. The number of buildings has increased by 335 100 , or by about 29 per cent, from 1990. There are about 78 000 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only 5 per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

67 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. That is because three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3,6 million, i.e. 68 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 27 592 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1 187 000) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 300 such landmarks in Finland, 210 of them blocks of flat.


Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Topias Pyykkönen 029 551 2628, Marja Hermiö 029 551 3211, Arja Tiihonen 029 551 3272, asuminen@stat.fi

Director in charge: Harala Riitta


Updated 26.5.2015

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2014, Building stock 2014 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.5.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/rakke/2014/rakke_2014_2015-05-28_kat_002_en.html