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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2019, October

Published: 14 March 2011

Inflation 3.3 per cent in February

The year-on-year change in consumer prices, i.e. inflation, calculated by Statistics Finland accelerated to 3.3 per cent in February. In January, it was 3.0 per cent. Inflation accelerated mainly due to risen rents of dwellings, and prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages.

Inflation indicators in Finland, February 2011

  Point figure      Change on one year Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 102,4 3,3 % 0,6 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 794    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 113,4 3,5 % 0,8 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 112,7 2,9 % 0,8 %

In February, consumer prices were pushed up most from the year before by increases in the prices of liquid fuels, food and non-alcoholic beverages, electricity, and owner-occupied dwellings and real estate. Rent increases also had an impact on inflation. Inflation was held back most in February by fallen prices of consumer electronics, prescription medicines, telephone calls and international air transport from the year before.

From January to February, consumer prices went up by 0.6 per cent. This was mainly due to risen prices of food and clothing, and rent increases.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on 483 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. Consumer Price Index 2005=100 Handbook for Users can be found on the CPI home page at www.stat.fi. The new Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users will be published later in the spring.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 2.4 per cent in February

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was 2.4 per cent in February. In January, it was 2.3 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland in February was 3.5 per cent.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings or vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices as well as the rules governing its compilation have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for February on 16 March. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 2.9 per cent in February

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 3.5 per cent in February and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 2.9 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was 0.6 percentage points. The month-on-month change in both the Harmonised Index and the Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 0.8 per cent in February. There were no changes in tax rates in February.

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 3.1 per cent in January and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 2.5 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was 0.6 percentage points. The month-on-month change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices was 0.4 per cent in January and that in the Index at Constant Taxes 0,0 per cent. The rate of taxation on fuels, electricity and soft drinks went up and a tax on confectionery was introduced in January.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the HICP consists of value added or other taxes. HICP-CT is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Christina Telasuo (09) 1734 3472, Mari Ylä-Jarkko (09) 1734 3310, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Kari Molnar

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Updated 14.3.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. February 2011. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 10.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khi/2011/02/khi_2011_02_2011-03-14_tie_001_en.html