Enterprises' research and development

Description of the data collection

The inquiry on enterprises' research and development requests information on R&D expenditure and its funding, research personnel and R&D staff-years.

Statistics on research and development are based on the European Union’s Regulations (Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Implementing Regulation No 995/2012).

The data collection is started yearly in March. The statistical period used is a calendar year.

From whom are data collected?

The inquiry includes enterprises in different fields having reported R&D activities in the previous inquiry, enterprises having received product development funding from the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation TEKES and the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra, and all enterprises with more than 100 employees and a sample of enterprises with 10 to 99 employees.

The data supply obligation of enterprises is based on the Finnish Statistics Act (280/2004, Section 14).

What are the data used for?

The data are used for research and for monitoring and analysing the resources used on product and process development in public administration, organisations, research institutes and business life both in Finland and abroad, particularly in EU Member States.

The data from the data collection are used in the following statistics:

Data processing

The Statistics Act obliges Statistics Finland to treat the data as confidential.

How often are data collected?