8 Notes to the appendix tables

  • Definitions of the used concepts can be found on the home page of the Labour Force Survey under “Concepts and definitions”, and its pdf version.

  • Small figures concerning no more than 4,000 persons that are presented in the tables should be viewed with reservations because they are based on a low number of respondents.

  • Symbols used in the tables:

    Magnitude less than half of unit employed “0”

    Nil to report or data too uncertain for presentation “.”

  • Due to rounding , the sums in the tables may not always agree.

  • The National Classification of Education 2016 that is based on the ISCED 2011 classification has been adopted for the 2016 data of the Labour Force Survey. Category 3, upper secondary level education of the previous classification of education 2011 has been divided into upper secondary education (category 3) and specialist vocational qualifications (category 4). In Appendix tables 9 and 25, both of these categories (3, 4) are included in upper secondary level education.

    The data on education in Appendix tables 9 and 25 are from 2016. Data on education concerning 2017 will be available in late 2018.

  • The category “total” of data by industry and by employer sector includes those whose industrial status or employer sector is unknown.


Source: Labour Force Survey 2018. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Ulla Hannula 029 551 2924, Tatu Leskinen 029 551 3285, tyovoimatutkimus@stat.fi

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma


Updated 11.4.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Labour force survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-7857. Time series data 2009-2018 2018, 8 Notes to the appendix tables . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 13.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tyti/2018/13/tyti_2018_13_2019-04-11_kat_008_en.html