Published: 30 September 2020

Foreign direct investments increased strongly in 2019

Corrected 16 October 2020: Figure 9 in the review was corrected

During 2019, the value of foreign direct investments (FDI) to Finland from abroad rose from EUR 62.9 billion to EUR 76.4 billion. As financial transactions investments were made to Finland on net to the value of EUR 10.1 billion. EUR 8.0 billion of the investments were debt-based items, that is, capital flowed to Finland from foreign direct investors mainly in the form of loans.

The value of direct investments from Finland abroad grew from EUR 112.5 billion to EUR 130.4 billion. Most of the growth is explained by valuation changes of EUR 13.8 billion and reinvested earnings of EUR 3.8 billion. Investments abroad as financial transactions totalled just EUR 0.6 billion.

FDI investment portfolio in 2004 to 2019

FDI investment portfolio in 2004 to 2019

¹) Starting from 2013, the figures are not fully comparable with those for 2004 to 2012 due to changes in the international statistical standard.

Examined by country group, investments to Finland came mainly from the EU area, whose combined share of the investment stock was 82 per cent at the end of 2019. The share of the euro area in the stock of Finland's inward FDI was 45 per cent. Correspondingly, direct investments from Finland abroad were mostly directed to the areas of the EU (80%) and euro area countries (51%).

During 2019, Finland's returns from outward FDI totalled a record amount of EUR 12.2 billion. The returns generated by foreign owners on direct investments to Finland, totalling EUR 7.4 billion, were also historically high. This property income is recorded in the primary income item of Finland's current account and its net effect on Finland's current account was EUR 4.8 billion in 2019.

Returns on FDI in 2006 to 2019

Returns on FDI in 2006 to 2019

This release includes a review that examines in more detail the development of foreign direct investments in 2019.


Source: Foreign direct investments 2019, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Petri Kinnarinen 029 551 3428, balanceofpayments@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

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Updated 30.09.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Foreign direct investments [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-351X. 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 25.10.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/ssij/2019/ssij_2019_2020-09-30_tie_001_en.html