Published: 12 December 2013

Greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 were record low

In 2012, Finland's greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 60.9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2 eq.). They declined by a total of 5.9 million carbon dioxide tonnes from the year before, falling below the annual average commitment level of the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol by around 14 per cent. The data are based on the preliminary report to be submitted by Statistics Finland to the European Commission on 15 January 2014 concerning emissions in 2012. Revised emission data are released on 15 April 2014 in connection with the delivery to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol and Finland's greenhouse gas emissions in 1990-2012 (million tonnes of CO2 eq.), excluding LULUCF sector

Commitment level of the Kyoto Protocol and Finland's greenhouse gas emissions in 1990-2012 (million tonnes of CO2 eq.), excluding LULUCF sector

The emissions decreased in all sectors compared to the previous year; the largest drop was seen in the energy sector, 10 per cent (around 5.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide). Fossil fuels and peat in the production of electricity were replaced with electricity imports, wood and domestic hydro power. The use of fossil fuels and peat also decreased clearly in manufacturing. A majority of the emission decrease materialised in emissions trading.

The net sink of the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector grew by some seven per cent compared to the previous year and amounted to 25.9 tonnes of carbon dioxide.

Greenhouse gas emissions in Finland by sector. Emissions as amounts corresponding to million tonnes of carbon dioxide. Negative figures indicate removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere

      1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2)
Emissions excl. LULUCF sector 70.3 70.8 69.2 68.7 79.9 78.3 70.1 66.0 74.4 66.8 60.9
  Energy sector 54.5 56.1 54.5 54.0 65.3 63.2 54.7 52.7 60.5 53.3 47.8
    Energy industries 19.2 24.1 22.1 22.0 32.9 30.8 24.2 25.2 30.6 24.7 20.7
    Manufacturing industries and construction 13.4 12.1 11.9 11.3 11.6 11.4 10.8 8.4 9.9 9.7 8.4
    Transport 12.8 12.0 12.8 13.7 13.9 14.2 13.6 12.9 13.4 13.2 12.7
    Other energy 1) 9.2 7.8 7.6 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.7 6.1
  Industrial processes 5.1 4.7 5.6 6.4 6.3 6.8 7.2 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.3
    Industrial processes (excl. F-gases) 5.0 4.6 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.9 6.1 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.3
    Consumption of F-gases 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0
  Solvents and other products use 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
  Agriculture 6.5 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.7
  Waste management 4.0 3.9 3.3 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
LLULUCF sector -13.7 -12.8 -19.2 -28.6 -32.5 -24.3 -29.0 -38.8 -24.1 -24.1 -25.9
1) Other energy includes subgategories heating of buildings, other fuel use in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, other fuel use and fugitive emissions from fuels
2) Emission data are preliminary

The monitoring of the effort sharing decision of the EU's climate change package will in future require emissions data to be broken down to emissions within and outside the emissions trading scheme. The effort sharing decision sets binding targets for emission reductions from the 2005 levels in non-emissions trading scheme sectors during 2013-2020. The target for Finland is 16 per cent by 2020. In the calculation of emission reduction commitments, the coverage of emission trading institutions has been based on the situation in 2005 and the commitment has been revised taking into consideration the expansion in emissions trading since that time. Between 2013 and 2020, the emissions must be on the so-called "path to Kyoto" or below it. The path to Kyoto is linear and its starting point is the average of emissions from non-emissions trading scheme sources in 2008-2010 and its final point is the target for emissions reduction by 2020. Emissions from non-emissions trading scheme sources are calculated as the difference between the reviewed total emissions and verified emissions of the emissions trading scheme sector. The data on the verified emissions of the emissions trading scheme sector are published by the Energy Market Authority.

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals broken down between emissions trading scheme sources and non-emissions trading scheme sources in 2005 and 2008-2012 (million tonnes CO2 eq.). LULUCF sector does not come under the scope of the emissions trading scheme or the reduction targets of the effort sharing. Negative figures indicate removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere

  2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change, 2011 - 2012
Total excl. LULUCF sector 68.7 70.1 66.0 74.4 66.8 60.9 2) -5.9
  Emissions trading sector 1) 33.1 36.2 34.4 41.3 35.1 29.5 -5.6
  Non-emissions trading sector 35.6 34.0 31.6 33.1 31.8 31.4 2) -0.3
LULUCF sector -28.6 -29.0 -38.8 -24.1 -24.1 -25.9 2) -1.7
1) Source: Energy Market Authority
2) Emission data are preliminary

Source: Greenhouse gas inventory unit, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Pia Forsell 09 1734 2937, Timo Kareinen 09 1734 3563, kasvihuonekaasut@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 12.12.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Greenhouse gases [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6065. 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 27.6.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/khki/2012/khki_2012_2013-12-12_tie_001_en.html